How treat headaches – migraine and tension headache

My head feels as if he would burst? Go to cause research to clarify the symptoms and prevent

Headaches can paralyze life for days.The most common types of headache are migraine and tension headache. Both tension headaches and migraines, stress can play a role. But while the tension headache starts as long as the stress continues, the migraine attack during the relaxation phase occurs only after the “end stress” on.

How treat headaches - migraine and tension headache
How treat headaches – migraine and tension headache

No excesses of migraine
The migraine pain is either drilling, hammering or pulsating. It usually begins on one side of your neck or in the temple area and spreads out over the side of the head. Sometimes it affects your whole head. Typical companions are nausea and vomiting, sweat, or cold sweats. Migraine is a genetic condition. Then on the basis of this genetic predisposition comes through to trigger attacks. Possible triggers include emotional stress, food allergies, congestion, stress, too little or too much sleep, chocolate, some wine and cheese, coffee or drugs, and changes in the menstrual cycle (pregnancy and menopause).

The symptoms occur in women especially before and after the period. Doctors now suggest that there is a disturbance stimulus processing in the brain during migraine. The migraine attack may be the attempt of your brain, bringing about a deactivation when the stimulus flood eventually becomes too large.

What is the optimal therapy?
In the headache clinic of diagnosis according to an individual concept is created for you. In addition to drug treatment and non-drug therapies such as counseling for a life in migraine are considered. For mild to moderate migraine, the doctor will be non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is recommended. About 10 minutes before taking should you take a so-called anti-emetics (eg domperidone) to combat nausea and increase capacity.

For more severe symptoms, there are several so-called triptans (drugs against migraine and cluster headaches), but also that you should only take a maximum of 10 days per month. It may be that you do not respond as well to certain triptans. Then you should just try another.The drugs bring fast relief and are very effective. But they are no panacea. Who takes in excess, ie more than ten days per month, runs with them within a few years at risk of developing frequent and prolonged migraine attacks.

To prevent migraine attacks 
It is best to not even give rise to an attack. You can it be prevented with medications such as beta-blockers, flunarizine or valproate.  Botox (botulinum toxin A) is to create a prophylactic remedy for chronic migraine.

However, medication alone is not sufficient for the treatment of migraine.Of acupuncture has long been known that it has very positive effects on migraine. A recent study from China has now provided information by which you can prevent attacks even more effective with acupuncture than with flunarizine. And a second current study, has shown that aerobic exercise such as jogging or walking a very positive effect on the intensity, frequency and duration of individual migraine attacks.Are well suited beyond the relaxation technique “progressive muscle relaxation” (PM), which can reduce migraine attacks by half, and biofeedback. Migraineurs practice with biofeedback to constrict the blood vessels in the head. A meter shows you whether they are successful. All these methods have been shown to prevent migraine attacks. Of course you also have to learn not to overwhelm constantly in everyday life. You must learn to “no” to say and do not want to always please everyone. Furthermore, a balanced rhythm of life, especially a steady sleep-wake cycle (including weekends), very important.

Tension headache is often caused by stress
Tension headache is oppressive, dull and occurs on both sides. The pain is a whenever as stress arise in the professional, academic or personal area. But also mental overload, muscle tension through posture, persistent eye strain (eg computer work), severe noise pollution, weather changes, sleep problems, and psychological factors (“duck your head”) play an important role.

Tension headache is called chronic if you have any complaints at least 15 days per month. According to the evidence-based recommendations of the Migraine and Headache Society you treat your tension headaches best with aspirin, ibuprofen or paracetamol. But be careful!You may not use this medication only for a maximum of 10 days per month. You should keep in mind. Otherwise it can happen that you get a painkiller overuse headache. And since only helps withdrawal in a hospital!

Chronic tension headache treated with drugs called tricyclic antidepressants. These drugs affect pain processing in the brain and prevent the tension headache before. They do not respond to antidepressants? Then you should at least try it with psychotherapy, because ultimately psycho-social stress factors can massively increase the headache. For tension headaches, you can of course also apply the mentioned non-migraine drug therapy options.

Patients with tension headache learn as with the already above geannten biofeedback, certain head and neck muscles to relax so that the headache does not arise. And also the relaxation technique traveled mentioned “progressive muscle relaxation” reduces the frequency of tension headaches by 45 percent. That’s a lot and therefore worth a try!The same goes for music therapy, which can act on your feelings. It affects psychological and social factors involved in the onset of the headache.

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